Immigration to the United States



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Legal and constitutional status


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Argentine immigrants from Europe arrive


1954 Brazilian stamp commemorating the National Immigration Monument [pt] in Caxias do Sul in Brazil. It was built in honor Italian immigrants in 1954 (Sc#779)

The entry of a person from one country into another country for temporary or permanent residence is called immigration.

Many countries have immigration laws that include quotas and restrictions on immigration.


1 Reasons to Immigrate

There are two types of immigration

3 History

4 Present time

5 Countries of Immigration

5.1 Immigrating to Australia

5.2 Immigration to the USA

5.3 Immigrants to Germany

5.4 Immigration to Spain

5.5 Immigration to France

5.6 Immigration to Great Britain

5.7 Norway Immigration

5.8. 5.8.

5.9 Immigrants to Japan

5.10. 5.10.

5.11. 5.11.

6 Immigrant Integration

7 Main Countries of Origin and Reception for Immigrants

8 Also see

9 Notes

10 References

11 References

There are many reasons to immigrate

See also: muhajirism.

These are some of the reasons that immigration can occur:


Economic (attraction of labor force, entry into countries with better socio-economic conditions);

These include adverse economic conditions in the country, such as inflation, mass unemployment and economic crisis. Also, it includes a wide gap between the living standards of developed countries and those of developing countries. This is why the population of developing countries seeks better conditions for their lives, better-paid jobs, and more comfortable living conditions. The economic factor is the most important driver of migration flows, according to most researchers.


Political (flight from persecution on political or national racial or religion grounds – so-called “political migrants”, refugees, exchange of national minority between states, movement to a country that has a better political situation, sheltering terrorists).

These are due to internal and external conflict in many countries as well as political or legal instability. About 13 million people fled their home countries in recent years, fleeing persecution and armed conflict. They were attracted to the political stability of Western countries. Since the 1990s, the majority of politically motivated migrants have emerged. The rapid increase in migration was initially caused by the end to the Cold War, collapse of Soviet Union, the emergence of large numbers of ethnic conflicts, and the emergence civil wars. Large numbers began to migrate from Yugoslavia to Western Europe.


Military (annexation and colonization of foreign territory). [2]

Types of Immigration

This is why:



Referring to the law in force in the country of entry



Illegal migration can be defined in the broadest sense as illegal entry or stay on state territory, which is contrary to the migration law.



The role of immigration in the establishment of the Earth has had a major impact on the dynamics and formation of the populations of many countries around the globe. It is evident that immigrants are dominated by men between the ages of 18 and 24. [2] The mixing of different ethnicities in the population leads to new nations and nationalities.


All historical periods have witnessed immigration of people. The most extensive immigration occurred in the last two millennia.

The Great Migration of Peoples to Europe (IV-VII centuries).

Arab conquests (7th-8th century),

Expansion of Turkic and Mongol Peoples (11th-17th centuries).

Intercontinental migrations occurred in the Age of Great Geographic Discoveries (mid-15th-17th centuries). They were mainly from Europe to America or Australia.

Population movements related to the two world Wars;

More than 16 million people migrated to Pakistan and India after British India was divided into two independent countries, India and Pakistan.

Migrations that are associated with repatriation of Jews into Israel

Russia has been a major center for immigration in the past, due to its significant expansion. Peter the Great was the main initiator of the Russian Empire’s settlement of foreigners, which almost exclusively included immigrants from Europe. This continued into the 1920s.

The 20th century witnessed a major shift in Europe’s immigration landscape. It became a hub of emigration and a center for immigration.


After the Second World War, the mass migration of European immigrants began. The mass repatriation of former colonies, such as Belgium, France, Great Britain and France, to Western Europe was the main feature of this period. In 1980, 10% of Europeans were born abroad. The unemployment rate for able-bodied foreigners who were born outside of the European Union as of 2011 was 17 percent in France (compared to 9 percent in the local population); 13.1 percent in the Netherlands (versus 4.2%); and 15 percent in Germany (compared to 8 percent). [3]


Present tense

The rate of migration at the beginning and end of the 21st centuries has not declined; the main movements of people are:


Migrations after the collapse of Yugoslavia and the USSR;

Migrations from Latin America, Africa, and South Asia to developed countries in Western Europe and North America.

Migrations due to local armed conflict.

Reasons of economic character are the most important causes of significant migrations.


The home countries of immigrant:


Eastern European countries

North African countries

Central Asian countries

China and South-East Asian countries

South Asian countries

Latin American countries

Country-specific immigration


John Dollman Ship of Immigrants (1884).

Australia Immigration

Main article: Migration to Australia

The uniqueness of Australia and its facilities have made immigration to Australia very popular. To increase the country’s population and to attract workers, the Australian government developed the program on immigration. The government has successfully implemented this program for many years.


Immigrating to the United States

Main article: Immigration to America

The United States continues to see significant population growth due to immigration. A number of U.S. researchers have estimated that the natural population growth in the United States is 2 million per year and that the increase due to immigration is 1,000,000 [source not cited 469 Days]. The U.S. government is dependent on the lottery to distribute green cards (“residency permits”) to increase the country’s ethnic diversity. The lottery runs for three weeks and begins in October.


4] During the same time, President George W. Bush also signed a 2006 law to build a wall at the border with Mexico in an effort to curb illegal immigration [5].


Germany Immigration

Germany needed an influx of migrants in the second half 20th century because of demographic problems and a lack of labor for development of industry and other areas of the economy.


In the 1960s, Germany played a significant role in temporary labor migrations. From 1955 to 1968, guest workers from Italy and Spain, Greece and Turkey were brought to Germany as part of bilateral interstate deals to attract foreign workers. Their entry was blocked in 1973 after 2 million foreign workers had reached Germany. [3]


In the late 1980s and early 90s, there was a surge in political refugees and immigrants to Germany. This was due to the fall of the Soviet Union, rise of separatist movements within a number Eastern European countries, and local wars all around the globe. Groups of 1990s arrived in Germany during the Persian Gulf war in the late 1980s. More than 1.4 Million people applied for asylum between 1988 and 1993. They were mostly from Turkey, the Balkans, and the eastern half Europe.


According to some estimates, another 350,000 refugees fleeing war zones in Bosnia-Herzegovina sought temporary asylum in Germany. They did not have to go through the asylum process. As the Palestinian-Israeli relationship deteriorated, 2002 saw the influx of refugees from Palestine and other areas to Germany. Today, Berlin is home to 35,000 Palestinians. The rest of the country is scattered.


Between 1987 and 2001, more immigrants arrived in Germany than in other classic immigrant countries like Australia and Canada. The unemployment rate among foreigners living in Germany was 16.4% as of 2000, and 8.8% overall. [3]


Spain Immigration

According to 2010 data, Spain’s population was more than 6,000,000, which is 14 percent of its total population. 8.9 percent were born outside of the European Union, while 2.1 million were born in Spain. [6] Spain is the most visited destination for English people[7]. According to 2011, there are 800,000. Romanians, 774,000 Moroccans (317,000 Ecuadorians), 312,000 Britons and 250,000 Colombians in Spain [8]. Emigrants were more numerous than immigrants due to the financial crisis in 2011. In 2011, there were 507,740 who left and 457.650 who came[9].


France Immigration

France was one of the first European nations to confront the issue of immigration and migration. Most researchers believe that France received the most foreigners in Europe during the history of immigration. It is important to note that immigrants arrived in France during France’s rapid industrial development, around the middle of the nineteenth-century.

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