Definitions and differences in immigration , emigration and migration





Many modern concepts are derived from the Latin word “migratio”, which literally means “move” or “transition”. However, the root word “migration” can sometimes be misused.

Let’s discuss the terminology and causes of migration in this article.


Migration: definition

This term refers to a broad concept: the mass movement of animals or people to change their residence for a period of time or forever. This movement can take place interstate or intrastate, for example from one region to another, or from one city to the next.


This is known as internal relocation. Migration is the process of moving people in groups or individually. Migration is the act of moving from one place to another. In this instance, a person is called a “migrant”. This term combines two concepts: emigration (“departure”), and immigration (“entry”). These are the reasons why emigration or immigration occur:


Change living conditions to make them more comfortable (moving to a country that has better infrastructure, tolerance, and variety of entertainment).

A better job and professional fulfillment include a job that pays well, good working conditions, labor rights protection, and a variety of job vacancies.

A prestigious education means that you have a school or pre-school child who learns the language and is studying at an institution with an international reputation.

Change in the environment because of health problems (desire for high-quality medical services, rare services, lower cost, treatment options, treatments that can be done at home), change in the climate to suit your needs due to health issues

Want to change or live in the country of your religion?

Changes in unfavorable living circumstances (permanent ethnic or social or military conflict in the country), unsuitable weather conditions and persecution. One striking example is the influx of Syrian refugees to Europe following the conflict in Syria.

Consolidation or creation of a family (move from the historic homeland, wish to marry a foreigner or move to relatives in a better country or city).

The reasons for migration will determine which of the following types can be distinguished.










As with any broad concept, the phenomenon can be broken down into different types and grounds. Let’s look at a few of the most basic types.


Direction. This feature categorizes migration into two categories: internal and external. Internal – Movement within the country.


In the past, this was usually due to industrialization and urbanization. As cities grew, large industries were available with many jobs, and people moved from the countryside to seek better living conditions in the cities. External – Moving to another country.


It is usually caused by a poor political or economic situation in the home country, or by familial circumstances. There are two types of external displacement: intra-continental or inter-continental.


Mexico-USA is the most popular international mass migration corridor, according to UN 2020. The United States currently has 11 million Mexicans. India-UAE (3 million), China (U.S.) (3 million), Kazakhstan (3.6 million), Russia-Ukraine 3.3 million, Ukraine-Russia and Russia–Ukraine (3.3 millions each way).


By voluntariness. You can choose to relocate either by force or by choice. Deportation is another term that refers to mass or organized forced displacement. Sometimes, the state decides that a person or group of people is not allowed to stay in a particular territory. People are then deported to another area or country. This happens most often during war or repression.


Relocation from hot spots or areas affected by a natural catastrophe is another term for forced displacement. However, a person may legally have the right to stay. Repatriation is often used to follow such relocation. This term literally means to return to one’s homeland. This term is often used to describe the return of refugees, emigrants, prisoners of war or displaced people.


Voluntary migration occurs when someone decides, under his subjective will and without direct compulsion to move from his current residence to enjoy a better standard of living, new opportunities, or other benefits.

The terms. There is a distinction between temporary and permanent relocation. Temporary relocation is when a region or state faces difficult times. This could be due to war, natural disasters, or man-made catastrophes. To wait out safety issues, people leave their homeland and return to it later. Permanence is the act of leaving your homeland without any intention to return.


The law. You can either move legally or illegally. The first case is when a person crosses the border legally and can legally stay in the new location. He follows the rules of residence and learns the language. Usually, he receives documents such as a residency permit or citizenship. Illegal migration often involves illegal border crossing or violation of rules of stay in the new country. They usually do it either alone or with small groups.


Referring to the state. We will discuss the differences between immigration and emigration.


Immigration refers to the act of entering another country with the intention of changing their residence.


When a person leaves one country to move to another, it is called emigration. It is different from immigration in that it differs only in the way the person feels about the country he is entering (immigrant), and the country he departs (emigrant).


This word’s prefix “im” stands for “in-“, and Latin immigro is translated as “to enter” (or “to take up residence”). This term is used to describe the entry of foreigners into the country for long-term or permanent residence. If a person moves from Mexico into the United States, for example, they are considered an immigrant to America. The reason for this phenomenon could be described in the most general terms as a desire for a better lifestyle. This definition can conceal anything, depending on the person’s values, aspirations and views. Even age can have an impact. There are many things people care about. Some want security. Others seek quality higher education and job opportunities. Some also desire political and civil liberty. Still others worry about the supremacy or a particular religion. The U.S. took in 50.7 million more people than any other country, according to U.N. 2019 data. Next up are Germany (13.3), Saudi Arabia (13.2million), Russia (11.6), Britain (9.5), the United Arab Emirates (8.6) France and Canada (8.3 each), Australia (7.5) and Italy (6.3).

Labor and business immigration are the most popular types of immigration.


Immigration to the labor market.

This type of immigration has become very popular. This type of immigration is also known as independent or professional. Labor immigration is when a person enters another country, even if he or she is not a citizen, for the purpose of working. There are many reasons someone might decide to immigrate.


Low salaries in the country of origin

There are very few vacancies on the labor market.

Unable to use one’s skills professionally in one’s country.

Possibility to live and work abroad in countries with higher standards and better living conditions

Knowing the language of the country where a migrant is planning to go, the incentives offered by the State or employer, education level and whether their profession is on the short-list of occupations in short supply can also impact the desire and prospects for labour immigration.


Immigration for business

Numerous countries offer a variety of investment programs to help business immigrants. There are programs that promote economic citizenship, reduce tax liabilities, and support the state in creating businesses. Many wealthy people view business immigrants as a way to diversify their assets and a way to obtain a “safety” valve in the form permanent residence permit, residence permit, or citizenship of another country.



This is the opposite to entry. It is when you leave for permanent residence in another country. Anyone who moves to another country becomes an immigrant or emigrant. A person who leaves Mexico to go to the United States is considered an immigrant. For Mexico, he is considered an emigrant. There are many reasons for this: Insufficient quality of life, inability to obtain the education or job with decent wages abroad, persecution, disagreement with the government in the home country, war. Here’s the complete top ten list for 2019, including India (17.5million), Mexico (11.8), China (10.7) and Russia (10.5), Syria (8.2) and Bangladesh (7.8), Pakistan (6.3), Ukraine (5.9), Afghanistan (5.5.1).

The highest percentage of emigrants are from Albania, Cape Verde and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Therefore, for every two Bosnians living in Bosnia, there are one from outside the country. Emigrants make up one-third of the country. You can watch a video that explains 10 important aspects to be aware of before you apply for a residence permit or start a business.

What type of immigrants are required?

Each state is interested in people. However, people are unique, so there are pros and cons to this phenomenon. This is why many states have adopted migration laws and established quotas.


However, professional and labor immigration can be very useful, primarily for the economic. The government tries to attract skilled, educated specialists, particularly those in rare professions.


There are opportunities for business immigration in some countries. Authorities can issue business visas and develop and implement residency programs or citizenship for investment.


In exchange for their contribution to the economy, wealthy foreigners may be eligible to receive a residency permit, a permanent residence permis, or even a passport. These cases have a high chance of being approved.


Investments can include irrevocable donations, real estate investment, or securities investment. The process involves collecting and submitting documents, as well as paying state fees and investing.


This citizenship can be purchased for between $100,000 and $200,000. In the Caribbean, it is available at EUR350,000, while in Montenegro, it is EUR350,000. The bureaucratic process is also expensive. The investor and his family have the right to all the benefits of the new country. The government also uses the funds for economic development.


Most business migrants don’t need to speak the language. They are often not required to travel to their country of citizenship or residency. Other requirements include a legal source for investment, a good business and personal record, and no past or present problems.


Migration is a broad term that can refer to any type of mass resettlement to a permanent or temporary new residence.


Security, improving living standards, work and studies are the main goals.


Two types of immigration can be distinguished in relation to a country: immigration – the entry of foreigners into the country, and emigration (the departure from the country).


Mexico-USA is the most popular destination. States are keen to attract talent, experience and money through professional, business, and labor immigration.


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